Also known as:
Amoxiclav is a brand name for an antibiotic, called co-amoxiclav, that is used to treat a wide range
of conditions, from bronchitis to Lyme disease. It is one of the most commonly prescribed antibiotics
for children, frequently dispensed for ear infections.
The drug is a combination of two active ingredients: amoxicillin and clavulanic acid. Together, the
drugs fight bacteria that would ordinarily be resistant to amoxicillin alone.
Amoxiclav is typically taken orally, in pill form for adults, and in a liquid (often flavored)
suspension for little children. Doctors prescribe the drug so often because it works against many types
of disease-causing bacteria.
"When I travel I always have some Amoxiclav in my travel bag," because it works against so many common
infections, said Dr. Alasdair Geddes, an emeritus professor of infectious diseases at the University of
Birmingham in England, who ran some of the first clinical trials of Amoxiclav.
Amoxiclav is one of the workhorses of the pediatrician's office, prescribed for ear infections that
are resistant to amoxicillin alone, sore throats and certain eye infections. The drug is also a powerful
agent against bronchitis and tonsillitis caused by bacteria (though many cases of sore throat are viral
In addition, the drug can fight pneumonia, urinary tract infections, gonorrhea, and skin infections.
The drug has also been seen as a good potential candidate for treatment of Lyme disease, chlamydia,
sinusitis, gastritis and peptic ulcers, according to a 2011 study in the International Journal of
Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences.
Though Amoxiclav hasn't been conclusively shown to be safe during pregnancy, some studies suggest it
is unlikely to do harm to pregnant women or their fetuses, according to a 2004 study in the British
Journal of Clinical Pharmacology. Women who are pregnant should check with their doctors before taking
the drug. The Food and Drug Administration classifies Amoxiclav as a class B drug, meaning there is no
evidence for harm.
If you take too much this medication, call your healthcare provider or local Poison Control Center, or
seek emergency medical attention right away.
If this medication is administered by a healthcare provider in a medical setting, it is unlikely that
an overdose will occur. However, if overdose is suspected, seek emergency medical attention.
Store between 20 and 25 degrees C (68 and 77 degrees F) away from moisture and heat. Keep bottle closed tightly. Throw away any unused medicine after the expiration date. Keep out of the reach of children.