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Ceftas (Cefixime)

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Ceftas is a third generation oral bactericidal cephalosporin. Mechanism of action of Ceftas is similar to penicillin. Ceftas acts by inhibiting bacterial cell wall synthesis. Lack of bacterial cell wall results in death due to lysis of bacteria. Ceftas is used in treatment of uncomplicated urinary tract infections, otitis media, acute bronchitis, acute exacerbation of chronic bronchitis, uncomplicated gonorrhoea.

Other names for this medication:
Cefix, Cefixima, Cefixime, Cefspan, Denvar, Hifen, Mahacef, Milixim, Novacef, Omnicef, Omnix, Oroken, Suprax, Taxim, Topcef, Tricef, Unixime, Ziprax

Similar Products:
Amoxil, Moxatag, Trimox, Acticlate, Adoxa, Alodox, Avidoxy, Doryx, Monodox, Levaquin, Cipro

Also known as:  Cefixime.


Ceftas is a cephalosporin (SEF a low spor in) antibiotic. It works by fighting bacteria in your body.

Ceftas is used to treat many different types of infections caused by bacteria.

Ceftas may also be used for purposes not listed in this medication guide.

You should not take this medicine if you are allergic to Ceftas, or to similar antibiotics, such as Ceftin, Cefzil, Keflex, Omnicef, and others. Tell your doctor if you are allergic to penicillins.


Follow all directions on your prescription label. Do not take this medicine in larger or smaller amounts or for longer than recommended.

Take this medicine with a full glass of water.

Ceftas works best if you take it with a meal or within 30 minutes of a meal.

The Ceftas chewable tablet must be chewed before you swallow it.

Do not crush, chew, or break an extended-release tablet. Swallow it whole.

Shake the oral suspension (liquid) well just before you measure a dose. Measure the liquid with a special dose-measuring spoon or medicine cup. If you do not have a dose-measuring device, ask your pharmacist for one.

This medication can cause unusual results with certain lab tests for glucose (sugar) in the urine. Tell any doctor who treats you that you are using Ceftas.

Use this medication for the full prescribed length of time. Your symptoms may improve before the infection is completely cleared. Skipping doses may also increase your risk of further infection that is resistant to antibiotics. Ceftas will not treat a viral infection such as the common cold or flu.

Store the tablets and capsules at room temperature away from moisture, heat, and light.

Store the oral liquid in the refrigerator. Throw away any unused medication after 14 days.


Seek emergency medical attention if you think you have used too much of this medicine. Overdose symptoms may include nausea, vomiting, stomach pain, and diarrhea.


Store at room temperature between 15 and 30 degrees C (59 and 86 degrees F) and away from excess moisture and heat. Throw away any unused medicine after the expiration date. Keep out of the reach of children.

Side effects

The most common side effects associated with Ceftas are:

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Side effect occurrence does not only depend on medication you are taking, but also on your overall health and other factors.


Before taking Ceftas, tell your doctor or pharmacist if you are allergic to it; or to penicillins or other cephalosporin antibiotics (e.g., cephalexin); or if you have any other allergies. This product may contain inactive ingredients, which can cause allergic reactions or other problems. Talk to your pharmacist for more details.Before using this medication, tell your doctor or pharmacist your medical history, especially of: kidney disease, a certain intestinal disease (colitis). Ceftas may cause live bacterial vaccines (such as typhoid vaccine) to not work as well. Do not have any immunizations/vaccinations while using this medication unless your doctor tells you to.Before having surgery, tell your doctor or dentist about all the products you use (including prescription drugs, nonprescription drugs, and herbal products).The chewable form of this medication may contain aspartame. If you have phenylketonuria (PKU) or any other condition that requires you to limit/avoid aspartame (or phenylalanine) in your diet, ask your doctor or pharmacist about using this medication safely.This medication should be used only when clearly needed during pregnancy. Discuss the risks and benefits with your doctor.It is unknown if this medication passes into breast milk. Consult your doctor before breast-feeding.

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There were 10 infections (16% of the cases) involving a hematoma in 2 cases, adenitis in 1, osteitis on a cortical fragment in 2 and osteitis on implanted material in 5.

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Two reviewers independently assessed the methodological quality of trials and extracted data. We calculated the odds ratio (OR) for dichotomous data with 95% confidence intervals. We analysed norfloxacin separately.

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Bacterial pathogens were isolated in vaginal secretions of 84/90 (93%) girls. There were 6 girls receiving antibiotic treatment who had persistent discharge and repetitive isolations of Escherichia coli. Administration type was selected at random. Symptoms and signs were resolved in all girls, but we observed 1 recurrence (2.22%) in group 2 vs 6 recurrences (13.33%) in group 1 (P = .049). In group 1 we observed 3 cases (6.67%) of gastro-intestinal side effects vs no cases in group 2 (P = .079).

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Cefetamet pivoxil is an oral third-generation cephalosporin which is hydrolysed to form the active agent, cefetamet. Cefetamet has excellent in vitro activity against the major respiratory pathogens Streptococcus pneumoniae, Haemophilus influenzae, Moraxella (Branhamella) catarrhalis and group A beta-haemolytic streptococci; it is active against beta-lactamase-producing strains of H. influenzae and M. catarrhalis, but has poor activity against penicillin-resistant S. pneumoniae. Cefetamet has marked activity against Neisseria gonorrhoeae and possesses a broad spectrum of activity against Enterobacteriaceae. Both staphylococci and Pseudomonas spp. are resistant to cefetamet. Cefetamet pivoxil has been investigated in the treatment of both upper and lower community-acquired respiratory tract infections and has demonstrated equivalent efficacy to a number of more established agents, namely cefaclor, amoxicillin and cefixime. In patients with group A beta-haemolytic streptococcal pharyngotonsillitis, a 7-day course of cefetamet pivoxil was as effective as a 10-day course of the standard agent, phenoxymethylpenicillin, in this indication. In complicated urinary tract infections, cefetamet pivoxil showed similar efficacy to cefadroxil, cefaclor and cefuroxime axetil. Cefetamet pivoxil was effective in the treatment of otitis media, pneumonia, pharyngotonsillitis and urinary tract infections in children. Preliminary data indicate that single dose cefetamet pivoxil can effectively eradicate N. gonorrhoeae from both men and women. Cefetamet pivoxil has a tolerability profile similar to that of other oral cephalosporins, with gastrointestinal effects being the most commonly reported adverse events. To date, no symptoms of carnitine deficiency have been reported with cefetamet pivoxil. Cefetamet pivoxil offers effective alternative oral therapy for outpatient treatment of community-acquired respiratory tract infections, with the advantage of improved activity against H. influenzae and increased beta-lactamase stability. However, its use in areas with a high incidence of penicillin-resistant S. pneumoniae is likely to be limited. Cefetamet pivoxil is also effective in the treatment of urinary tract infections, although further trials are required to define any comparative advantages over other oral agents.

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The in vitro activities of fosfomycin and seven other antibiotics commonly used for oral treatment of urinary tract infections (UTIs) were evaluated for 499 Escherichia coli isolated from urine samples during a nationwide laboratory-based surveillance study in 2010. Overall, the highest resistance rates were found for amoxicillin (42.9%), followed by amoxicillin/clavulanic acid (32.7%), trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole (SXT) (30.9%), ciprofloxacin (19.8%), cefuroxime (10.0%), cefpodoxime (8.6%) and cefixime (8.2%). One-half of the isolates (n=252; 50.5%) were fully susceptible to the eight drugs, whilst only 6 strains (1.2%) were resistant to fosfomycin. Combined resistance to amoxicillin, cefuroxime, ciprofloxacin and SXT was detected in 29 isolates (5.8%). Moreover, 40 isolates (8.0%) produced an extended-spectrum β-lactamase (ESBL), including CTX-M-type ESBLs detected in 39/40 isolates (97.5%) and a TEM-52 ESBL in 1 strain (2.5%). The predominant CTX-M-type ESBL was CTX-M-15 (27/39; 69.2%). Of the 27 CTX-M-15 producers, 19 (70.4%) belonged to the clonal lineage E. coli O25b-ST131. All but one ESBL-producing strains were fosfomycin-susceptible. In view of the emergence of multidrug resistance to standard oral antibiotics, these data support that oral fosfomycin (trometamol salt) may represent a valuable option in the treatment of uncomplicated UTIs.

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Ofloxacin, a newer broad-spectrum fluoroquinolone, was evaluated against 6967 clinical isolates in a multicenter surveillance trial using a standardized disk diffusion method. Thirty-five geographically diverse laboratories contributed zone diameter results for two (ofloxacin and ciprofloxacin) to five (ofloxacin, ciprofloxacin, ampicillin, cefaclor, and cefixime) antimicrobial agents, depending on the site of infection. Ofloxacin was determined to have the widest spectrum of activity and potential empiric use (90.6%, range 87.1%-92.2%) for respiratory tract, urinary tract, and cutaneous infections. The spectrum was superior to ciprofloxacin (average 85.3% versus three sites), ampicillin (35.5%, respiratory tract), cefaclor (60.5%, respiratory tract), cefixime (60.9%, respiratory tract), and norfloxacin (87.3%, urinary tract). Strains resistant to ofloxacin (35 isolates, 0.5%) were confirmed by reference laboratory tests and cross resistance was observed among several current and investigational fluoroquinolone agents. The species most often found to be fluoroquinolone resistant among the Enterobacteriaceae were Klebsiella pneumoniae, Serratia marcescens, and Providencia spp. Monitoring for increasing fluoroquinolone resistance should be considered as greater use of drugs in this class develops. By these cited statistics, ofloxacin appears to have a broad and balanced spectrum of potential use, particularly against Gram-positive pathogens.

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Cefixime is a new oral antibiotic with in vitro activity similar to that of parenteral third generation cephalosporins. It exhibits good in vitro activity against most pathogens causing urinary tract infections. The effectiveness and safety of cefixime were evaluated in a multicentre study involving 68 patients (45 with acute pyelonephritis, 15 with lower urinary tract infections and 8 with infections of undetermined location); 55 of these patients were assessable in terms of effectiveness. Clinical cure was achieved in 50 cases. The causative agent was always eradicated. During the 3 to 8 weeks' follow-up period, relapses occurred in 5 patients with pyelonephritis. Adverse effects were reported by 2 patients. Biological manifestations (thrombocytosis, elevated ASAT and ALAT) were noted in 5 cases. Cefixime is a safe and effective antibiotic for the treatment of urinary tract infections.

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In the present economic climate, it is increasingly necessary to ensure the cost-effectiveness of all aspects of healthcare. The expenditure on medications in a hospital is largely determined by the workload and throughput, but efforts to rationalise the use of medications will result in benefits both in patient care and overall costs. The purpose of this report is to discuss the advantages of switching from parenteral to oral cephalosporin therapy after the initial stage of infection treatment, the potential of presently available oral cephalosporins for use in a parenteral-to-oral switch regimen, and the outcome of a parenteral-to-oral switch programme, which used parenteral cefotaxime and oral cefixime, implemented at Hillingdon Hospital.

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ceftas 400 mg 2016-08-25

Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC) are an important cause of haemorrhagic colitis and the diarrhoea-associated form of the haemolytic uraemic syndrome. Of the numerous serotypes of E. coli that have been shown to produce Shiga toxin (Stx), E. coli O157:H7 and E. coli O157:NM (non-motile) are most frequently implicated in human disease. Early recognition of STEC infections is critical for effective treatment of patients. Furthermore, rapid microbiological diagnosis of individual patients enables the prompt notification of outbreaks and implementation of control measures to prevent more cases. Most human infections caused by STEC have been acquired by the consumption of contaminated foods, especially those of bovine origin such as undercooked ground beef and unpasteurized cows' milk, and by person-to-person contacts. To identify the reservoirs of STEC and the routes of transmission to man, sensitive methods are needed as these pathogens may only be present in food, environmental and faecal samples in small numbers. In addition, sensitive and rapid detection methods are necessary for the food industry to ensure a safe supply of foods. Sensitive methods are also needed for surveillance programmes in risk assessment studies, and for studies on survival and growth of STEC strains. Cultural methods for the enrichment, isolation and confirmation of O157 STEC are still evolving. Several selective enrichment media have been described, of which modified tryptone soy broth with novobiocin and modified E. coli broth with novobiocin, seem to be the most appropriate. These media are minimally-selective broths that give a somewhat limited differential specificity favouring isolation of O157 STEC, as opposed to other Gram-negative bacteria, in the sample. An incubation temperature of 41-42 degrees C further enhances selectivity. The occurrence of heat-, freeze-, acid- or salt-stressed STEC in foods means that it is important to be able to detect cells that are in a stressed state, as STEC generally have a very low infectious dose, and injured cells mostly retain their pathogenic properties. For the isolation of stressed O157 STEC, pre-enrichment in a non-selective broth is necessary. The most widely used plating medium for the isolation of typical sorbitol-non-fermenting strains of STEC of serogroup O157 is sorbitol MacConkey agar with cefixime and tellurite (CT-SMAC). As some STEC strains are sensitive for tellurite and/or are sorbitol-fermenting, the use of a second isolation medium, such as one of the newer chromogenic media, is recommended. Immunomagnetic separation (IMS) following selective enrichment, and subsequent spread-plating of the concentrated target cells onto CT-SMAC agar, appears to be the most sensitive and cost-effective method for the isolation of E. coli O157 from raw foods. IMS increases sensitivity by concentrating E. coli O157 relative to background microflora, which may overgrow or mimic O157 STEC cells on selective agars. While cultural isolation Cefixime Tablets During Pregnancy of O157 STEC from foods and faeces is time-consuming, labour-intensive and hence, costly, rapid immunological detection systems have been developed which significantly reduce the analysis time. These methods include enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays (ELISAs), colony immunoblot assays, direct immunofluorescent filter techniques, and several immunocapture techniques. Both polyclonal and monoclonal antibodies specific for the O and H antigens are used for these methods. Many of these test systems are able to detect less than one O157 STEC cell g(-1) of raw meat after overnight enrichment. Presumptive results are available after just one day, but need to be completed with the isolation of the organisms. The primary use of these procedures is therefore to identify food and faecal samples that possibly contain O157 STEC.

ceftas az tablet 2017-09-07

The study Omnicef 100 Mg was carried out to determine the prevalence and pattern of antimicrobial resistance of Shigella species among patients with acute diarrhoea in Karaj, Tehran, Iran. The study included all acute diarrhoea patients who visited the hospitals and treatment centres of Karaj during November 2001-October 2002. Of 734 stool samples collected from patients with acute diarrhoea and analyzed for Shigella spp., 123 (16.8%) yielded Shigella spp. (7.5% Shigella flexneri, 5.2% S. sonnei, 2.6% S. dysenteriae, and 1.5% S. boydii). Of the Shigella isolates, 90.8% were resistant to one or more antimicrobial agent(s), and 87.8% were multidrug resistant. The most common resistance was to tetracycline (73.5%), trimethoprim-sulphamethoxazole (70.4%), and amoxicillin-clavulanic acid (50.0%). Resistance to cefixime, ciprofloxacin, ceftriaxone, and nalidixic acid was observed in 6.1%, 3.1%, 2.0%, and 1.0% of the isolates respectively. These findings suggest that Shigella spp. may be an important aetiological agent of diarrhoea with a high rate of drug resistance in this region, which requires further study.

tablet ceftas cv 2015-03-30

This work compares CT-RMac and TBX agars as Gimalxina 500 Mg isolation medium for VTEC O26 from Scottish animal faeces and highlights that VTEC O26 may be missed if only CT-RMac agar is used.

ceftas dosage 2017-01-11

Testing for 'total' Enterobacteriaceae, coliforms and Escherichia coli as marker organisms in foods and detection of specific pathogens of the family Enterobacteriaceae, including pathogenic E. coli, Salmonella, Shigella and Yersinia spp. is widely applied in many food control laboratories. This review describes some recent developments in culture media for these organisms. Methods for enumeration of E. coli include the standard MPN technique, a membrane-filter method and the use of media containing chromogenic and fluorogenic indicators for beta-D-glucuronidase (GUD) activity. Shiga toxin-producing E. coli O157 strains usually do not ferment sorbitol and are GUD-negative. These characteristics are used in selective media for these organisms, such as cefixime tellurite sorbitol MacConkey agar. For the detection of salmonellae, motility enrichment in Modified Semisolid Rappaport-Vassiliadis (MSRV) medium shows equal or better results than the use of standard Rappaport-Vassiliadis broth. Addition of nitrofurantoin to diagnostic semisolid salmonella agar and to xylose lysine desoxycholate agar favours the isolation of S. enteritidis. Recently developed salmonella media Levoday Dosage use different selective and diagnostic properties, such as acid formation from propylene glycol, glucuronate fermentation, fermentation of glycerol and addition of Tergitol 4 as selective agent. The isolation of Shigella spp. from foods is rather difficult and further evaluation of suggested isolation systems and the development of more effective methods for the isolation of this pathogen are needed. Yersinia enterocolitica includes both pathogenic and nonpathogenic biotypes and serogroups. As no single procedure will recover all pathogenic strains of Y. enterocolitica, the use of two isolation procedures in parallel is recommended.

ceftas 200 medicine 2016-07-10

The antibacterial activity of cefpodoxime, a new orally active methoxy-imino cephalosporin was evaluated in 470 recent isolates of gram-positive cocci and gram-negative rods from clinical specimens and compared Ceftin 500 Mg Uses to that of other orally active beta-lactam compounds. Cefpodoxime was highly active against ampicillin-resistant enterobacteria producing the plasmid-mediated TEM-1, TEM-2 or OXA-1 enzymes, as was the case for the other newer compounds. However, it was poorly active against cefuroxime-resistant (MIC greater than or equal to 16 mg/l) E. coli isolates, thus resembling cefetamet and cefixime. It was inactive against isolates exhibiting a production of large amounts of class I beta-lactamase, as was the case with all other compounds studied. Cefpodoxime was highly active against beta-hemolytic streptococci and against Haemophilus influenzae, resembling the related agents. Moreover, its activity against Staphylococcus aureus was comparable to that of cefotaxime and exceeded that of cefetamet and cefixime. Cefpodoxime and the other methoxyimino cephalosporins exhibited a poor affinity to the plasmid-mediated TEM-2 and OXA-1 enzymes. The hydrolysis of cefpodoxime by class I beta-lactamases was barely detectable, whereas it served as a moderate substrate for the enzyme from Klebsiella oxytoca 3951. Cefpodoxime, cefetamet and cefixime were slowly inactivated by the enzyme from Proteus vulgaris 4917 (an enzyme with cefuroximase activity) and much poorer substrates than cefotaxime.

tab ceftas 400 2015-09-18

The efficacy and tolerability of oral cefixime 400mg once daily for 5 days was compared with standard 10-day therapy in a multicentre, double-blind, randomised, controlled clinical trial of 222 patients with acute exacerbations of chronic bronchitis. Clinical and bacteriological efficacy were assessed after 6, 11 and 30 days. A total of 167 patients were evaluable for efficacy on a per-protocol basis. Clinical efficacy (cure or improvement based on the quality and quantity of expectorated sputum and symptoms of dyspnoea) at day 11 was statistically equivalent (p < 0.01) between the treatment groups, with a successful Keflex Dosage For Strep clinical response achieved in 91% (5-day) and 89% (10-day) of patients. Bacteriological efficacy was also similar with 5- and 10-day treatment. During treatment, more patients reported an adverse event possibly or probably related to the study medication in the 10-day than in the 5-day treatment group (19 vs 14%). However, this difference was not statistically significant. Oral cefixime 400mg once daily is an effective and well tolerated treatment for acute exacerbations of chronic bronchitis. Short-term (5-day) therapy offers clinical efficacy similar to that of standard (10-day) therapy.

ceftas az tablets 2016-12-16

Between 2001 and 2010, there has been a shift in the modal MICs from 0.016 to 0.125 μg/mL for cefixime and from 0.016 to 0.063 μg/mL for ceftriaxone. Thirty-seven different sequence types (STs) were identified among the isolates using N. gonorrhoeae multiantigen sequence typing; ST3158, ST225, and ST1407 were most prevalent at 25.9%, 19.4%, and 14.8%, respectively. The penA mosaic was Metrogel Pill Form present in 60% of the isolates, with the most common penA mosaic types XXXII and X identified at 51.0% and 7.7%, respectively, whereas the nonmosaic penA type XII was identified in 36.8% of the isolates.

medicine ceftas 200 2017-12-20

Bacteriological, pharmacokinetic, and clinical studies of cefixime (CFIX), a newly developed oral cephalosporin, was conducted in our pediatric department as outlined below. Bacteriology The prevalent MICs of CFIX by microbiological species, compared with those of the reference drugs, were detailed below. Against 16 strains of S. aureus, the MICs averaged 6.25 micrograms/ml, and were found to be nearly the same as the MICs of amoxicillin (AMPC) but higher than those of cephalexin (CEX) and cefaclor (CCL). For 4 strains of S. pyogenes, the MICs averaged 0.05 microgram/ml, and were higher than the MICs of AMPC but lower than those of CEX and CCL. Mean MICs of CFIX against other clinical isolates were lower than those of CEX, CCL, or AMPC; E. coli (20 strains), 3.13 micrograms/ml; K. pneumoniae (9), 0.10 microgram/ml; P. mirabilis (16), 0.025 microgram/ml; P. vulgaris (5), 0.10 microgram/ml; H. influenzae (11), 0.05 microgram/ml; and S. typhimurium (4), 0.10 microgram/ml. The MICs of CFIX against 10 strains of P. aeruginosa were distributed at and above 25 micrograms/ml, a range much lower than greater than or equal to 100 micrograms/ml for CEX, CCL, or AMPC. Pharmacokinetics The serum concentrations and urinary recovery were studied in 3 children ranging from Cefspan Dosage In Typhoid age 7 to 13. They were given CFIX on empty stomach in 2 different single doses of 3 and 6 mg/kg in a cross-over design. Average serum CFIX concentrations were dose-dependent, as evidenced by the respective peak concentrations of 1.70 microgram/ml for a 3 mg/kg dosage and 2.72 micrograms/ml for 6 mg/kg, which were attained 4 hours after the administration of the drug. The average half-lives of CFIX in the serum were 3.09 hours and 3.11 hours, respectively, and the 12-hour serum concentrations were 0.32 microgram/ml and 0.77 microgram/ml, respectively, for the 2 different dose levels. The average 12-hour urinary recovery was 25.2% and 22.3%, respectively. Clinical study Clinical effectiveness, bacteriological effectiveness, and side effects were studied in 27 children with infection including 4 patients with acute pharyngitis, 13 with acute purulent tonsillitis, 5 with acute pneumonia, 3 with urinary tract infection, and 1 each with acute rhinitis and acute bronchitis. One child with acute pneumonia (Mycoplasma pneumonia) was excluded from the study. The therapeutic effectiveness was "excellent" in 21, "good" in 3, "fair" in 1, and "poor" in 1, with an effectiveness rate of 92.3%.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 400 WORDS)