Studies concerning prognostic factors specific for alendronate-related osteonecrosis of the jaws (ONJ) are rare.
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The prescription in the Area of Segovia has presented a contained consumption in relation to other studies, showing differences in the volume of prescription from each the subgroups. The centralization of the consumption emphasizes in the subgroup of penicillins that supposed almost two third parts of the prescribed DDD. A change in the habits of prescription is observed detailing a decrease of the amoxicillin use and an increase of amoxicillin-clavulanic acid.
The optimal duration of antibiotic treatment for acute exacerbations of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (AECOPD) is unknown. This study compared the outcome of treatment for 3 vs. 10 days with amoxycillin-clavulanic acid of hospitalised patients with AECOPD who had improved substantially after initial therapy for 3 days. Between November 2000 and December 2003, 56 patients with AECOPD were enrolled in the study. Unfortunately, because of the low inclusion rate, the trial was discontinued prematurely. Patients were treated with oral or intravenous amoxycillin-clavulanic acid. Patients who showed improvement after 72 h were randomised to receive oral amoxycillin-clavulanic acid 625 mg or placebo, four times daily for 7 days. The primary outcome measure of the study was clinical cure after 3 weeks and 3 months. Of 46 patients included in the final analysis, 21 were in the 3-day treatment group and 25 were in the 10-day treatment group. After 3 weeks, 16 (76%) of 21 patients in the 3-day treatment group were cured, compared with 20 (80%) of 25 in the 10-day treatment group (difference -3.8%; 95% CI -28 to 20). After 3 months, 13 (62%) of 21 patients were cured, compared with 14 (56%) of 25 (difference 5.9%; 95% CI -23 to 34). Microbiological success, symptom recovery, the use of corticosteroids, the duration of oxygen therapy and the length of hospital stay were comparable for both treatment groups. It was concluded that 3-day treatment with amoxycillin-clavulanic acid can be a safe and effective alternative to the standard 10-day treatment for hospitalised patients with AECOPD who have improved after initial therapy for 3 days.
In contrast to the currently recommended tigecycline-based therapy, cefepime and amoxicillin/clavulanic acid combination was an effective and economical option to KPC-KP infection in China.
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Prophylaxis seems to be indicated only for dermal infections, and for infections of the urinary and respiratory tract in patients with increased susceptibility to bacterial arthritis. Prophylaxis for invasive medical procedures, such as dental treatment, may only be indicated for patients with joint disease who are highly susceptible.
To determine trends in ciprofloxacin resistance and co-resistance to other antibiotic classes in blood isolates of Escherichia coli, and to investigate if there is an ecological relationship to the community use of fluoroquinolones and other antibiotics.
Twenty-eight children, 0.5-5 years old, diagnosed with acute otitis media (AOM), were treated with either amoxycillin-clavulanate (13.3 mg/kg 3 times daily) or cefuroxime axetil (15 mg/kg twice daily) for 7 days. Saliva samples and nasopharyngeal swabs were collected before, directly after and 2 weeks after treatment. The saliva samples were quantitatively and qualitatively analyzed and the nasopharyngeal swabs were qualitatively analyzed. All isolated strains were tested for beta-lactamase production.
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Suppurative parotidis is an uncommon disease in newborns, with limited information available on its pathogenesis and management: approximately 50 cases have been reported in the literature. Diagnosis is based on clinical signs. The predominant organism is Staphylococcus aureus. The administration of empiric antimicrobial therapy is an essential part of the management in very young patients. Prognosis is good and recurrence of the disease is unusual. We describe a 21-day-old newborn who presented with fever and unilateral swelling of the parotid region, and provide a literature review.
A case of delayed repair of lower lip repair tissue avulsion following gun shot injury in a 35 year old commercial driver is presented. The report illustrates the need for adequate wound debridement over a period of time to demarcate viable tissues before surgical reconstruction. It also serves as a reminder of the problems that may be faced in managing facial gun shot injuries in the civilian population in our environment.