Cross-sectional observational study in large district general hospital in London. Patients diagnosed and coded with 'acute tonsillitis' in the ED over a 3-month period in 2015. Medical records were reviewed for Centor criteria, which is a clinical scoring system to guide antibiotic prescribing in UK general practice. Drug charts were reviewed for the specific antibiotic(s) prescribed, and throat swab (TS) cultures were recorded.
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We present a 14-day-old premature born girl with a temperature of 37.8°C and a swelling and redness of the right parotid gland. Laboratory tests revealed a CRP of 79 mg/l and ultrasound examination confirmed a parotitis. Treatment with augmentin i.v. resolved the condition.
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To prospectively trial ertapenem prophylaxis in patients with known risk factors of sepsis undergoing transrectal biopsy of the prostate.
Hp eradication rates of group A,B,C, and D were 90.0%,67.1%,62.3%,and 45.9%,respectively. The difference between Group A and Group B, Group A and Group C was significant (P<0.05). Eradication rate of Group B and C was higher than that of Group D (P<0.05). There was no statistical difference between the eradication rate of Group B and C, and among the side effects of the 4 groups.
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Our results suggest that the delay of second-line treatment should be avoided.
Bisphosphonates (BPs) are widely used as bone-stabilizers, but side effects of BP therapy include bisphosphonate-related osteonecrosis of the jaw (BRONJ), which is resistant to therapy. The aim of this study was to evaluate the outcome of maxillary BRONJ involving sinusitis maxillaris. 21 patients presenting with maxillary BRONJ, from 2005 to 2008, were included in the study. In 18 cases BP had been administered for carcinoma and in 3 cases for osteoporosis, with an average exposure time of 47.4 months. 12 patients spontaneously developed BRONJ. The 10 patients diagnosed with stage III BRONJ presented with concomitant sinusitis maxillaris. Despite treatment, there were six recurrences of BRONJ, four of them with additional sinusitis maxillaris. Whether BRONJ occurred spontaneously or after extraction there was no difference in the outcome. Patients with advanced maxillary BRONJ often suffer from sinusitis maxillaris, both of which are frequently resistant to therapy.
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Although dried polyionic complexes could serve as suitable candidates for amoxicillin and clarithromycin site-specific delivery in the stomach, its addition does not increase the eradication efficacy of the generally prescribed proton pump inhibitor plus amoxicillin and clarithromycin regimen.
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A method for the unambiguous identification of highly polar molecules based on the separation on a silica gel column run in hydrophilic interaction chromatography (HILIC) mode followed by mass spectroscopic (MS) analysis and subsequent measurement by nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy is described. Polar neutral, acidic and basic compounds of small molecular size usually not retained on reversed phase stationary phases can be separated and unequivocally identified by means of MS and NMR spectroscopy. The method is applied to exemplify the identification of the endogenous metabolite trigonelline and the polar antibiotic amoxicilline in human urine.
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Meningitis in children as seen in the National hospital is almost equally caused by both Gram-positive and Gram-negative organisms, predominantly by S. aureus, S. pneumoniae, K. pneumoniae, and E. coli. Available drugs remain active against these organisms.
An association between use of oral fluoroquinolones (FQs) and retinal detachment remains controversial. This study was to determine the association of recent use of oral FQs and rhegmatogenous retinal detachment (RRD) after adjustment for confounding factors known to be associated with RRD.
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A 43-year-old Asian man with diabetes presented with fever, loss of appetite, weight loss for one month and painful swelling below his left mandible for five days. An examination revealed an enlarged left submandibular lymph node and bilateral axillary lymph nodes. A chest X-ray showed mediastinal widening. Computed tomography of his thorax showed a lobulated heterogeneously enhancing anterior mediastinal mass encasing the superior vena cava suggestive of malignancy. An excision biopsy of the lymph node showed granulomas suggestive of tuberculosis but bone marrow culture and lymph node aspirate culture grew Burkholderia pseudomallei. He was treated with parenteral ceftazidime and amoxicillin-clavulanic acid. During the course of treatment, he developed an enlargement of the submandibular lymph node on the opposite side. It gradually subsided with the continuation of therapy orally with a combination of cotrimoxazole and doxycycline for six months. A repeat computed tomography chest scan showed resolution of the mediastinal mass.
Among 1816 children in whom AOM was diagnosed, tympanocentesis was performed in 212, yielding 59 cases of S pneumoniae infection. One strain of S pneumoniae belonging to serotype 19A was a new genotype and was resistant to all antibiotics approved by the FDA for use in children with AOM. This strain was identified in 9 cases (2 in 2003-2004, 2 in 2004-2005, and 5 in 2005-2006). Four children infected with this strain had been unsuccessfully treated with 2 or more antibiotics, including high-dose amoxicillin or amoxicillin-clavulanate and 3 injections of ceftriaxone; 3 had recurrent AOM; and for 2 others, the infection was their first in life. The first 4 cases required tympanostomy tube insertion after additional unsuccessful antibiotic therapies. Levofloxacin was used in the subsequent 5 cases, with resolution of infection without surgery.